Triple stores

Triple stores — RDF Triple stores

Synopsis

#define             LIBRDF_STORAGE_INTERFACE_VERSION
#define             LIBRDF_STORAGE_MAX_INTERFACE_VERSION
#define             LIBRDF_STORAGE_MIN_INTERFACE_VERSION
typedef             librdf_storage;
typedef             librdf_storage_factory;
int                 librdf_storage_register_factory     (librdf_world *world,
                                                         const char *name,
                                                         const char *label,
                                                         void (*factory) (librdf_storage_factory*));
int                 librdf_storage_enumerate            (librdf_world *world,
                                                         const unsigned int counter,
                                                         const char **name,
                                                         const char **label);
librdf_storage *    librdf_new_storage                  (librdf_world *world,
                                                         const char *storage_name,
                                                         const char *name,
                                                         const char *options_string);
librdf_storage *    librdf_new_storage_with_options     (librdf_world *world,
                                                         const char *storage_name,
                                                         const char *name,
                                                         librdf_hash *options);
librdf_storage *    librdf_new_storage_from_storage     (librdf_storage *old_storage);
librdf_storage *    librdf_new_storage_from_factory     (librdf_world *world,
                                                         librdf_storage_factory *factory,
                                                         const char *name,
                                                         librdf_hash *options);
void                librdf_free_storage                 (librdf_storage *storage);
int                 librdf_storage_open                 (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_model *model);
int                 librdf_storage_close                (librdf_storage *storage);
int                 librdf_storage_size                 (librdf_storage *storage);
int                 librdf_storage_add_statement        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement);
int                 librdf_storage_add_statements       (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_stream *statement_stream);
int                 librdf_storage_remove_statement     (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement);
int                 librdf_storage_contains_statement   (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement);
librdf_stream *     librdf_storage_serialise            (librdf_storage *storage);
librdf_stream *     librdf_storage_find_statements      (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement);
librdf_stream *     librdf_storage_find_statements_with_options
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement,
                                                         librdf_node *context_node,
                                                         librdf_hash *options);
librdf_iterator *   librdf_storage_get_sources          (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *arc,
                                                         librdf_node *target);
librdf_iterator *   librdf_storage_get_arcs             (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *source,
                                                         librdf_node *target);
librdf_iterator *   librdf_storage_get_targets          (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *source,
                                                         librdf_node *arc);
librdf_iterator *   librdf_storage_get_arcs_in          (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *node);
librdf_iterator *   librdf_storage_get_arcs_out         (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *node);
int                 librdf_storage_has_arc_in           (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *node,
                                                         librdf_node *property);
int                 librdf_storage_has_arc_out          (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *node,
                                                         librdf_node *property);
int                 librdf_storage_context_add_statement
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *context,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement);
int                 librdf_storage_context_add_statements
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *context,
                                                         librdf_stream *stream);
int                 librdf_storage_context_remove_statement
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *context,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement);
int                 librdf_storage_context_remove_statements
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *context);
librdf_stream *     librdf_storage_context_as_stream    (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *context);
librdf_stream *     librdf_storage_context_serialise    (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *context);
int                 librdf_storage_supports_query       (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_query *query);
librdf_query_results * librdf_storage_query_execute     (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_query *query);
int                 librdf_storage_sync                 (librdf_storage *storage);
librdf_stream *     librdf_storage_find_statements_in_context
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement,
                                                         librdf_node *context_node);
librdf_iterator *   librdf_storage_get_contexts         (librdf_storage *storage);
librdf_node *       librdf_storage_get_feature          (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_uri *feature);
int                 librdf_storage_set_feature          (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_uri *feature,
                                                         librdf_node *value);
int                 librdf_storage_transaction_commit   (librdf_storage *storage);
void *              librdf_storage_transaction_get_handle
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage);
int                 librdf_storage_transaction_rollback (librdf_storage *storage);
int                 librdf_storage_transaction_start    (librdf_storage *storage);
int                 librdf_storage_transaction_start_with_handle
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         void *handle);
void                librdf_storage_add_reference        (librdf_storage *storage);
void                librdf_storage_remove_reference     (librdf_storage *storage);
typedef             librdf_storage_instance;
librdf_storage_instance librdf_storage_get_instance     (librdf_storage *storage);
void                librdf_storage_set_instance         (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_storage_instance instance);
librdf_world *      librdf_storage_get_world            (librdf_storage *storage);
void                (*librdf_storage_module_register_function)
                                                        (librdf_world *world);

Description

Provides classes to create triple stores to back the RDF graph interface (librdf_model). Most of the methods are for implementing the RDF model API and have the same name.

Details

LIBRDF_STORAGE_INTERFACE_VERSION

#define LIBRDF_STORAGE_INTERFACE_VERSION LIBRDF_STORAGE_MAX_INTERFACE_VERSION

Default librdf storage module interface version.


LIBRDF_STORAGE_MAX_INTERFACE_VERSION

#define LIBRDF_STORAGE_MAX_INTERFACE_VERSION 1

Newest supported librdf storage module interface version.


LIBRDF_STORAGE_MIN_INTERFACE_VERSION

#define LIBRDF_STORAGE_MIN_INTERFACE_VERSION 1

Oldest support librdf storage module interface version.


librdf_storage

typedef struct librdf_storage_s librdf_storage;

Redland storage class.


librdf_storage_factory

typedef struct librdf_storage_factory_s librdf_storage_factory;

A Storage Factory


librdf_storage_register_factory ()

int                 librdf_storage_register_factory     (librdf_world *world,
                                                         const char *name,
                                                         const char *label,
                                                         void (*factory) (librdf_storage_factory*));

Register a storage factory.

Registration will fail if any of the parameters or NULL, if the factory API version is out of the known range or if out of memory.

world :

redland world object

name :

the storage factory name

label :

the storage factory label

factory :

pointer to function to call to register the factory

Returns :

non-0 on failure

librdf_storage_enumerate ()

int                 librdf_storage_enumerate            (librdf_world *world,
                                                         const unsigned int counter,
                                                         const char **name,
                                                         const char **label);

Get information on storages.

world :

redland world object

counter :

index into the list of storages

name :

pointer to store the name of the storage (or NULL)

label :

pointer to store syntax readable label (or NULL)

Returns :

non 0 on failure of if counter is out of range

librdf_new_storage ()

librdf_storage *    librdf_new_storage                  (librdf_world *world,
                                                         const char *storage_name,
                                                         const char *name,
                                                         const char *options_string);

Constructor - create a new librdf_storage object.

The options are encoded as described in librdf_hash_from_string() and can be NULL if none are required.

world :

redland world object

storage_name :

the storage factory name

name :

an identifier for the storage

options_string :

options to initialise storage

Returns :

a new librdf_storage object or NULL on failure

librdf_new_storage_with_options ()

librdf_storage *    librdf_new_storage_with_options     (librdf_world *world,
                                                         const char *storage_name,
                                                         const char *name,
                                                         librdf_hash *options);

Constructor - create a new librdf_storage object.

The options can be NULL if none are required.

world :

redland world object

storage_name :

the storage factory name

name :

an identifier for the storage

options :

librdf_hash of options to use

Returns :

a new librdf_storage object or NULL on failure

librdf_new_storage_from_storage ()

librdf_storage *    librdf_new_storage_from_storage     (librdf_storage *old_storage);

Copy constructor - create a new librdf_storage object from an existing one

Should create a new storage in the same context as the existing one as appropriate for the storage. For example, in a RDBMS storage it would be a new database, or in on disk it would be a new set of files. This will mean automatically generating a new identifier for the storage, maybe based on the existing storage identifier.

old_storage :

the existing storage librdf_storage to use

Returns :

a new librdf_storage object or NULL on failure

librdf_new_storage_from_factory ()

librdf_storage *    librdf_new_storage_from_factory     (librdf_world *world,
                                                         librdf_storage_factory *factory,
                                                         const char *name,
                                                         librdf_hash *options);

Constructor - create a new librdf_storage object.

If the options are present, they become owned by the storage and should no longer be used.

world :

redland world object

factory :

the factory to use to construct the storage

name :

name to use for storage

options :

librdf_hash of options to initialise storage

Returns :

a new librdf_storage object or NULL on failure

librdf_free_storage ()

void                librdf_free_storage                 (librdf_storage *storage);

Destructor - destroy a librdf_storage object.

storage :

librdf_storage object

librdf_storage_open ()

int                 librdf_storage_open                 (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_model *model);

Start a model / storage association.

This is ended with librdf_storage_close()

storage :

librdf_storage object

model :

model stored

Returns :

non 0 on failure

librdf_storage_close ()

int                 librdf_storage_close                (librdf_storage *storage);

End a model / storage association.

storage :

librdf_storage object

Returns :

non 0 on failure

librdf_storage_size ()

int                 librdf_storage_size                 (librdf_storage *storage);

Get the number of statements stored.

storage :

librdf_storage object

Returns :

The number of statements or < 0 if cannot be determined

librdf_storage_add_statement ()

int                 librdf_storage_add_statement        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement);

Add a statement to a storage.

The passed-in statement is copied when added to the store, not shared with the store.

If the statement already exists in the store, it is not added unless Redland contexts are being used.

Enforces that the statement is legal for RDF - URI or blank subject, URI predicate and URI or blank or literal object (i.e. anything).

storage :

librdf_storage object

statement :

librdf_statement statement to add

Returns :

non 0 on failure, <0 on error, >0 if statement was illegal

librdf_storage_add_statements ()

int                 librdf_storage_add_statements       (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_stream *statement_stream);

Add a stream of statements to the storage.

If any of the statements already exists in the store, they are not added unless Redland contexts are being used.

storage :

librdf_storage object

statement_stream :

librdf_stream of statements

Returns :

non 0 on failure

librdf_storage_remove_statement ()

int                 librdf_storage_remove_statement     (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement);

Remove a statement from the storage.

storage :

librdf_storage object

statement :

librdf_statement statement to remove

Returns :

non 0 on failure

librdf_storage_contains_statement ()

int                 librdf_storage_contains_statement   (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement);

Test if a given statement is present in the storage.

storage :

librdf_storage object

statement :

librdf_statement statement to check

Returns :

non 0 if the storage contains the statement (>0 if illegal statement)

librdf_storage_serialise ()

librdf_stream *     librdf_storage_serialise            (librdf_storage *storage);

Serialise the storage as a librdf_stream of statemetns.

storage :

librdf_storage object

Returns :

librdf_stream of statements or NULL on failure

librdf_storage_find_statements ()

librdf_stream *     librdf_storage_find_statements      (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement);

Search the storage for matching statements.

Searches the storage for a (partial) statement as described in librdf_statement_match() and returns a librdf_stream of matching librdf_statement objects.

storage :

librdf_storage object

statement :

librdf_statement partial statement to find

Returns :

librdf_stream of matching statements (may be empty) or NULL on failure

librdf_storage_find_statements_with_options ()

librdf_stream *     librdf_storage_find_statements_with_options
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement,
                                                         librdf_node *context_node,
                                                         librdf_hash *options);

Search the storage for matching statements with match options.

Searches the storage for a (partial) statement as described in librdf_statement_match() and returns a librdf_stream of matching librdf_statement objects.

If options is given then the match is made according to the given options. If options is NULL, this is equivalent to librdf_storage_find_statements_in_context.

storage :

librdf_storage object

statement :

librdf_statement partial statement to find

context_node :

librdf_node context node or NULL.

options :

librdf_hash of matching options or NULL

Returns :

librdf_stream of matching statements (may be empty) or NULL on failure

librdf_storage_get_sources ()

librdf_iterator *   librdf_storage_get_sources          (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *arc,
                                                         librdf_node *target);

Return the sources (subjects) of arc in an RDF graph given arc (predicate) and target (object).

Searches the storage for arcs matching the given arc and target and returns a list of the source librdf_node objects as an iterator

storage :

librdf_storage object

arc :

librdf_node arc

target :

librdf_node target

Returns :

librdf_iterator of librdf_node objects (may be empty) or NULL on failure

librdf_storage_get_arcs ()

librdf_iterator *   librdf_storage_get_arcs             (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *source,
                                                         librdf_node *target);

Return the arcs (predicates) of an arc in an RDF graph given source (subject) and target (object).

Searches the storage for arcs matching the given source and target and returns a list of the arc librdf_node objects as an iterator

storage :

librdf_storage object

source :

librdf_node source

target :

librdf_node target

Returns :

librdf_iterator of librdf_node objects (may be empty) or NULL on failure

librdf_storage_get_targets ()

librdf_iterator *   librdf_storage_get_targets          (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *source,
                                                         librdf_node *arc);

Return the targets (objects) of an arc in an RDF graph given source (subject) and arc (predicate).

Searches the storage for targets matching the given source and arc and returns a list of the source librdf_node objects as an iterator

storage :

librdf_storage object

source :

librdf_node source

arc :

librdf_node arc

Returns :

librdf_iterator of librdf_node objects (may be empty) or NULL on failure

librdf_storage_get_arcs_in ()

librdf_iterator *   librdf_storage_get_arcs_in          (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *node);

Return the properties pointing to the given resource.

storage :

librdf_storage object

node :

librdf_node resource node

Returns :

librdf_iterator of librdf_node objects (may be empty) or NULL on failure

librdf_storage_get_arcs_out ()

librdf_iterator *   librdf_storage_get_arcs_out         (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *node);

Return the properties pointing from the given resource.

storage :

librdf_storage object

node :

librdf_node resource node

Returns :

librdf_iterator of librdf_node objects (may be empty) or NULL on failure

librdf_storage_has_arc_in ()

int                 librdf_storage_has_arc_in           (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *node,
                                                         librdf_node *property);

Check if a node has a given property pointing to it.

storage :

librdf_storage object

node :

librdf_node resource node

property :

librdf_node property node

Returns :

non 0 if arc property does point to the resource node

librdf_storage_has_arc_out ()

int                 librdf_storage_has_arc_out          (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *node,
                                                         librdf_node *property);

Check if a node has a given property pointing from it.

storage :

librdf_storage object

node :

librdf_node resource node

property :

librdf_node property node

Returns :

non 0 if arc property does point from the resource node

librdf_storage_context_add_statement ()

int                 librdf_storage_context_add_statement
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *context,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement);

Add a statement to a storage in a context.

If context is NULL, this is equivalent to librdf_storage_add_statement

storage :

librdf_storage object

context :

librdf_node context node

statement :

librdf_statement statement to add

Returns :

non 0 on failure

librdf_storage_context_add_statements ()

int                 librdf_storage_context_add_statements
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *context,
                                                         librdf_stream *stream);

Add statements to a storage with a context.

If context is NULL, this is equivalent to librdf_storage_add_statements

storage :

librdf_storage object

context :

librdf_node context

stream :

librdf_stream stream object

Returns :

Non 0 on failure

librdf_storage_context_remove_statement ()

int                 librdf_storage_context_remove_statement
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *context,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement);

Remove a statement from a storage in a context.

If context is NULL, this is equivalent to librdf_storage_remove_statement

storage :

librdf_storage object

context :

librdf_node context node

statement :

librdf_statement statement to remove

Returns :

non 0 on failure

librdf_storage_context_remove_statements ()

int                 librdf_storage_context_remove_statements
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *context);

Remove statements from a storage with the given context.

storage :

librdf_storage object

context :

librdf_uri context

Returns :

Non 0 on failure

librdf_storage_context_as_stream ()

librdf_stream *     librdf_storage_context_as_stream    (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *context);

List all statements in a storage context.

storage :

librdf_storage object

context :

librdf_node context node

Returns :

librdf_stream of statements or NULL on failure or context is empty

librdf_storage_context_serialise ()

librdf_stream *     librdf_storage_context_serialise    (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_node *context);

List all statements in a storage context (DEPRECATED).

DEPRECATED to reduce confusion with the librdf_serializer class. Please use librdf_storage_context_as_stream.

storage :

librdf_storage object

context :

librdf_node context node

Returns :

librdf_stream of statements or NULL on failure or context is empty

librdf_storage_supports_query ()

int                 librdf_storage_supports_query       (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_query *query);

Check if a storage system supports a query language.

storage :

librdf_storage object

query :

librdf_query query object

Returns :

non-0 if the query is supported.

librdf_storage_query_execute ()

librdf_query_results * librdf_storage_query_execute     (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_query *query);

Run the given query against the storage.

Not implemented.

storage :

librdf_storage object

query :

librdf_query query object

Returns :

librdf_query_results or NULL on failure

librdf_storage_sync ()

int                 librdf_storage_sync                 (librdf_storage *storage);

Synchronise the storage to the storage implementation.

storage :

librdf_storage object

Returns :

non-0 on failure

librdf_storage_find_statements_in_context ()

librdf_stream *     librdf_storage_find_statements_in_context
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_statement *statement,
                                                         librdf_node *context_node);

Search the storage for matching statements in a given context.

Searches the storage for a (partial) statement as described in librdf_statement_match() in the given context and returns a librdf_stream of matching librdf_statement objects. If context is NULL, this is equivalent to librdf_storage_find_statements.

storage :

librdf_storage object

statement :

librdf_statement partial statement to find

context_node :

context librdf_node (or NULL)

Returns :

librdf_stream of matching statements (may be empty) or NULL on failure

librdf_storage_get_contexts ()

librdf_iterator *   librdf_storage_get_contexts         (librdf_storage *storage);

Return the list of contexts in the store.

Returns an iterator of librdf_node context nodes for each context in the store.

storage :

librdf_storage object

Returns :

librdf_iterator of context nodes or NULL on failure or if contexts are not supported

librdf_storage_get_feature ()

librdf_node *       librdf_storage_get_feature          (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_uri *feature);

Get the value of a storage feature.

storage :

librdf_storage object

feature :

librdf_uri feature property

Returns :

new librdf_node feature value or NULL if no such feature exists or the value is empty.

librdf_storage_set_feature ()

int                 librdf_storage_set_feature          (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_uri *feature,
                                                         librdf_node *value);

Set the value of a storage feature.

storage :

librdf_storage object

feature :

librdf_uri feature property

value :

librdf_node feature property value

Returns :

non 0 on failure (negative if no such feature)

librdf_storage_transaction_commit ()

int                 librdf_storage_transaction_commit   (librdf_storage *storage);

Commit a transaction.

storage :

the storage object

Returns :

non-0 on failure

librdf_storage_transaction_get_handle ()

void *              librdf_storage_transaction_get_handle
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage);

Get the current transaction handle.

storage :

the storage object

Returns :

non-0 on failure

librdf_storage_transaction_rollback ()

int                 librdf_storage_transaction_rollback (librdf_storage *storage);

Rollback a transaction.

storage :

the storage object

Returns :

non-0 on failure

librdf_storage_transaction_start ()

int                 librdf_storage_transaction_start    (librdf_storage *storage);

Start a transaction

storage :

the storage object

Returns :

non-0 on failure

librdf_storage_transaction_start_with_handle ()

int                 librdf_storage_transaction_start_with_handle
                                                        (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         void *handle);

Start a transaction using an existing external transaction object.

storage :

the storage object

handle :

the transaction object

Returns :

non-0 on failure

librdf_storage_add_reference ()

void                librdf_storage_add_reference        (librdf_storage *storage);

Increment storage reference count by one.

This function is intended to be internal to librdf storage modules.

storage :

librdf_storage object

librdf_storage_remove_reference ()

void                librdf_storage_remove_reference     (librdf_storage *storage);

Decrement storage reference count by one and free the storage if reference count becomes zero.

This function is intended to be internal to librdf storage modules.

storage :

librdf_storage object

librdf_storage_instance

typedef void* librdf_storage_instance;

Opaque storage module instance handle.

For use with a storage module and the librdf_storage_get_instance() and librdf_storage_set_instance() functions. The instance handle should be set in the librdf_storage_factory init factory method.


librdf_storage_get_instance ()

librdf_storage_instance librdf_storage_get_instance     (librdf_storage *storage);

Get instance data for this storage

storage :

librdf_storage object

Returns :

opaque instance data for this storage

librdf_storage_set_instance ()

void                librdf_storage_set_instance         (librdf_storage *storage,
                                                         librdf_storage_instance instance);

Set the instance data for this storage.

This function is intended for use by the 'init' method of storage implementations to set instance data which can be retrived with librdf_storage_get_instance() and used in other methods of that storage.

The instance is completely opaque to librdf, including allocation and deallocation.

storage :

librdf_storage object

instance :

Opaque instance pointer

librdf_storage_get_world ()

librdf_world *      librdf_storage_get_world            (librdf_storage *storage);

Get the librdf_world object associated with this storage.

storage :

librdf_storage object

Returns :

world object for this storage

librdf_storage_module_register_function ()

void                (*librdf_storage_module_register_function)
                                                        (librdf_world *world);

Registration function for storage

A storage module must define and export a function named of this type with function name "librdf_storage_module_register_factory".

This function will be called by Redland and must call librdf_storage_register_factory() to register whatever storage backends are implemented in the module.

world :

world object


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